In Amana, Homestead and Middle there were licensed pharmacies at one time. The quality of the drugs prepared for the outside market was not big, only special orders filled. Local doctors got supplies at these pharmacies. The Inspirationists of Amana were the first group west of Chicago to begin manufacture of pepsin and was considered one of the best on the market at that time. The chemist, Conrad Schadt,was instrumental in making it. The Amana pharmacies had an excellent reputation due to Amana ingenuity, inventive skill, dexterity, and general business saavy. The old buildings are now retail businesses. There is now a pharmacy/clinic located near the bank in Amana that serves many villages and nearby communities.