Sunday, May 29, 2016

CALICO PRINTING ROLLERS

In Amana, calico printing was done until 1916. One of the three processes used to print the fabric was roller printing, which took the place of the much slower hand block printing. The rollers were long, thin cylinders with steel pins making a repeat pattern to roll onto prepared fabric. A chemical resistant was coated over the pins of the roller that created the pattern on the white fabric. This acid prevented the dark indigo dye penetration in the resisted area. The opposite was also done in which large pieces of white fabric were dyed indigo, then a chemical resist rolled over it would bleach out the pattern areas to reveal white fabric stars, leaves, moons, or one of over 300 patterns. These methods are known as resist and discharge dyeing. The rollers are very rare and quite an interesting industrial artifact of the old Amana Druekeri or Print Mill.



Thursday, May 19, 2016

Antique Images of Amana Colonies: Heirloom Seed Bank of Amana

Antique Images of Amana Colonies: Heirloom Seed Bank of Amana: AMANA gardeners grew as much of their own harvested seed as possible. Some seeds were not available in USA catalogs so local varieties that...

Tuesday, May 17, 2016

Antique Images : Door Stencils

Antique Images : Door Stencils: The handmade locks placed on Amana doors were used throughout the villages, and often. Therefore, a unique smudge guard was designed to be p...

Door Stencils

The handmade locks placed on Amana doors were used throughout the villages, and often. Therefore, a unique smudge guard was designed to be painted around the lock to catch dirt and finger prints on the much used door. A cardboard template was placed around the lock, traced and then filled in with black paint.  This was as very ingenious way of catching dirt and cut down on daily cleaning of the door...a very unique solution and design.